Jewish Entertainment:
Jewish Actors, Playwrights, Comedians, Musicians

Art Garfunkel
Simon and Garfunkel

Art Garfunkel (born November 5, 1941) is a Grammy-award winning Jewish singer, a poet, and a Golden Globe nominated actor. Art Garfunkel was also half of the folk duo Simon & Art Garfunkel, which split in 1970, at the height of their popularity.

ART GARFUNKEL LIVE IN CENTRAL PARK

Highlights of his solo music career include a top 10 hit, three top 20 hits, six top 40 hits, 14 Adult Contemporary top 30 singles, five Adult Contemporary number ones, two UK number ones and a People's Choice Award. Through his solo and collaborative work, Art Garfunkel has earned six Grammys, including the Lifetime Achievement Award.[1] In 1990, Art Garfunkel and former musical partner Paul Simon were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Early life and career

Art Garfunkel was born in Forest Hills, Queens, New York City, the son of housewife Rose and traveling salesman Jacob "Jack" Art Garfunkel on November 5, 1941. Art has two siblings; the older one named Jules and the younger one named Jerome, who was an actor in his earlier years in Dayton, Ohio,[2] before becoming a travelling menswear salesman.[3][4][5] Art Garfunkel is Jewish. His paternal grandparents emigrated from Iași in Romania. His cousin on his mother's side is Lou Pearlman,[6][7][8] founder of 'N Sync and the Backstreet Boys.

According to the Across America DVD, his love for singing "came in the first grade. When we were lined up in size order, and after everyone else had left, I'd stay behind and enjoy the echo sound of the stairwell tiles and sing 'Unchained Melody' and 'You'll Never Walk Alone', learning to love this goose-bumps song from the tender age of five." Later, Garfunkel's father bought him a wire recorder and from then on, Art Garfunkel spent his afternoons singing, recording and playing it back, so Art Garfunkel could listen for flaws and learn how to improve.

At his bar mitzvah in 1954, Art Garfunkel performed as a cantor performing over four hours of his repertoire to his family.[9] As a young teen, Art Garfunkel was struck with a lung infection, leading to a love for basketball. Art Garfunkel explained in a 1998 Interview: "In the summer of ’55, I had a lung infection. I couldn’t run around, but I love basketball and there was a hoop nearby. Much of the summer I spent methodically hitting 96, 98 foul shots out of 100. Then 102! I never played on a team after Junior High School. Just 3 against 3, half court pick up games in the schoolyard."[10] Art Garfunkel met his future singing partner Paul Simon in the sixth grade at PS 164, when they were both cast in the elementary school graduation play, Alice In Wonderland.[11] It has been said by Art Garfunkel that Simon first became interested in singing after hearing Art Garfunkel sing a rendition of Nat King Cole's "Too Young" in a school talent show.

Between 1956 and 1962, the two had performed together as "Tom & Jerry", occasionally performing at school dances. Their idols were The Everly Brothers, whom they imitated in their use of close two-part vocal harmony. In 1957, Simon and Garfunkel recorded the song "Hey, Schoolgirl" under the name Tom & Jerry, given to them by their label Big Records. The single reached number forty-nine on the pop charts. Art Garfunkel ("Tom Graph") chose his nickname because Art Garfunkel liked to track, or "graph" hits, on the pop charts.[12] Art Garfunkel also released some singles as a solo artist under the name Artie Garr, a shortened version of his name. In interviews, Art Garfunkel has noted himself how these early singles distinguished him as a folk-styled crooner,[citation needed] with songs like "Beat Love" and "Dream Alone" (both released 1959).

After graduating from Forest Hills High School alongside Simon, Art Garfunkel studied at Columbia College, Columbia University in Manhattan in the early 1960s, where Art Garfunkel was a brother in the Alpha Epsilon Pi fraternity.[13] Art Garfunkel was a team member in tennis, skiing, fencing, and bowling at the college.[10] Art Garfunkel was also a member of the all-male a cappella group on campus, the Columbia Kingsmen.[14] After initially majoring in architecture, Art Garfunkel earned a B.A. in art history in 1962[15] or 1965[16], followed by a M.A. in mathematics from Columbia in 1967.[17] Art Garfunkel also completed coursework toward a doctorate in mathematics education at Teachers College, Columbia University during the peak of Simon and Garfunkel's commercial success.[18]

Simon & Art Garfunkel

In 1963, Art Garfunkel and Simon (who graduated from Queens College before dropping out of Brooklyn Law School) reformed their duo under their own names as "Simon and Garfunkel". They released their first album, Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. on Columbia Records in October 1964. It was not a critical success, and the duo subsequently split again. The next year, producer Tom Wilson lifted the song "The Sounds of Silence" from the record, dubbed an electric backing onto it,[19] and released it as a single that went to #1 on the Billboard pop charts.

Simon had gone to England in 1965 after the initial failure of Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M., pursuing a solo career. But Art Garfunkel returned to the US to reunite with Art Garfunkel after "The Sounds of Silence" had started to enjoy commercial success, and went on to become one of the most popular acts of the 1960s. Together they recorded four more influential albums, Sounds of Silence; Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme; Bookends; and the hugely successful Bridge over Troubled Water. Simon and Garfunkel also contributed extensively to the soundtrack of the 1967 Mike Nichols film The Graduate (starring Dustin Hoffman and Anne Bancroft). While writing "Mrs. Robinson", Simon originally toyed with the title "Mrs. Roosevelt."[20] When Art Garfunkel reported this indecision over the song's name to the director, Nichols replied, "Don't be ridiculous! We're making a movie here! It's Mrs. Robinson!"[21] Simon and Garfunkel returned to England in the Fall of 1968 and did a concert appearance at Kraft Hall which was broadcast on the BBC, and also featured Art's solo performance of "For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her", which received a standing ovation.

While Art Garfunkel was not a songwriter per se, Art Garfunkel did write the poem "Canticle" as a re-write of Simon's "Side of A Hill" from his debut album, for "Scarborough Fair/Canticle".[22] Art Garfunkel also worked as the vocal arranger for the duo, working out who the songs would be sung by and how each song was produced. Art Garfunkel is also credited as having written the arrangement on "The Boxer", and creating the Audio montage, "Voices Of The Old People" on "Bookends". Citing personal differences and divergence in career interests, they split following the release of their most critically acclaimed album, Bridge over Troubled Water, in 1970.

Both Simon and Garfunkel pursued solo projects after the duo released their popular album Bridge over Troubled Water. Occasionally they would reunite, as in 1975 for their Top Ten single "My Little Town", which Simon originally wrote for Art Garfunkel, claiming Garfunkel's solo output was lacking "bite." The song was included on their respective solo albums; Paul Simon's Still Crazy After All These Years, and Garfunkel's Breakaway. Contrary to popular belief, the song is not at all autobiographical of Simon's early life in New York City, but of Garfunkel's childhood in Queens.[23] In 1981, they got together again for the famous concert in Central Park, followed by a world tour and an aborted reunion album Think Too Much, which was eventually released (without Art Garfunkel) as Hearts and Bones.

Together, they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990.

In 2003, the two reunited again when they received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. This reunion led to a US tour—the acclaimed "Old Friends" concert series—followed by a 2004 international encore, which culminated in a free concert at the Colosseum in Rome. That final concert drew 600,000 people.[24]

1970–75: Hiatus and first album

During a three-year hiatus after Simon & Garfunkel's break-up, Art Garfunkel starred in two Mike Nichols films, Catch-22 (1970) and Carnal Knowledge (1971). Art Garfunkel also spent late 1971 to early 1972 working as a mathematics teacher at the Litchfield Private School in Connecticut (by request of his fiancée Linda Marie Grossman).[10]

However, in late 1972, with Simon & Art Garfunkel having released their Greatest Hits album and briefly reunited to perform a benefit concert for presidential candidate George McGovern, Art Garfunkel felt ready to return to his musical career. His first album was 1973's Angel Clare, which contained "All I Know" along with "I Shall Sing" and "Travelling Boy" as singles. The album was received with mixed reviews, reaching no.5 in the U.S. In 1974, Art Garfunkel released the hit record, "Second Avenue".

On his next album, 1975 Breakaway, Art Garfunkel briefly reunited with Paul Simon for the 1975 hit "My Little Town". The album also included the singles "Breakaway" (B-Side: "Disney Girls") and "I Only Have Eyes For You" (a 1934 song written by Harry Warren),[25] which is noted as being Garfunkel's first UK Number One.

1976–1979: Diversity and disaster

In 1976, Art Garfunkel recorded background and duet vocals for several artists, including Stephen Bishop's Careless album, James Taylor's In The Pocket album and J.D. Souther's Black Rose album. Also, beginning in December 1976, right through until September 1977, Art Garfunkel worked on his next album.

Garfunkel's next release was the 1978 album, Watermark (US #19, UK #26), which upon initial release, failed to make an impression on the public. Its main single, "Crying In My Sleep" ("Mr. Shuck 'N' Jive") (UK #25) failed to reach the US Top 40, but after a two-month hiatus where it was taken off the market, it was re-released in January 1978, with Garfunkel's cover of Sam Cooke's "(What a) Wonderful World" (B-Side: "Wooden Planes"), which reached #1 on the Adult Contemporary chart and #17 pop, as the new single. Paul Simon and mutual friend James Taylor had contributed backing vocals to the song, making the song a huge hit on the US A.C. charts.

Garfunkel's last release of the 1970s was the 1979 album, Fate For Breakfast (US #67, UK #2), was his first US flop album. the album first single, "In A Little While (I'll Be On My Way)" (B-Side: "And I Know") (US AC #12) failed to break the top forty, as did his second single, "Since I Don't Have You" (B-Side: "When Someone Doesn't Want You") (US #53, US AC #5, UK #38). But in the UK the album was a huge success, scoring a number one hit with "Bright Eyes" (B-Side: "Sail on a Rainbow") (US AC #29, UK #1) (a song written by Mike Batt). A version of "Bright Eyes" also appeared in the movie (based on the famous novel) Watership Down. However, tragedy struck at this time when his longtime girlfriend, Laurie Bird, committed suicide in June 1979, at their Manhattan apartment, just three months after the album's release in March. Art Garfunkel later admitted that the incident left him in a deep depression for most of the 1980s, hence the lack of musical output during the majority of the decade.

1980–95: Depression and disappearance

Garfunkel's next album was a low point in his career. The 1981 album, Scissors Cut (US #113, UK #51) (dedicated to Laurie Bird), contained three singles, "A Heart in New York" (B-Side: "Is This Love") (US #66, US AC #10), "Scissors Cut" and "Hang On In", with the latter two failing to chart.

Following disappointing sales of Scissors Cut, Art Garfunkel reunited with Simon for The Concert in Central Park and a world tour. They had disagreements during the tour. In 1984 Stereo Review Magazine reported that Simon mixed out Garfunkel's voice from a new album, initially slated to be a Simon and Garfunkel studio reunion, but ultimately released as a Simon solo album (Hearts and Bones). In 1986, Art Garfunkel played the part of the butcher on the Mike Batt concept album The Hunting Of The Snark. Art Garfunkel again left the music scene during which time his father died, leading further into depression. But in the fall of 1985 Art Garfunkel met his future wife, Kathryn (Kim) Cermack. Garfunkel's retirement lasted a full seven years, until his 1988 album, Lefty (US, #134), which produced three singles, "So Much in Love" (US #76 AC #11), "When A Man Loves A Woman," and "This Is The Moment."

Art Garfunkel released his first compilation album in 1984, The Art Garfunkel Album (UK #12), never released in the US,[26] which contained the minor hit "Sometimes When I'm Dreaming" (UK #77, US AC #25). This was followed by 1988 Art Garfunkel and 1993 Up 'til Now, neither of which received significant critical or commercial success.

1996–2006: Resurgence

His live 1996 concert Across America (UK #35), recorded at the registry hall on Ellis Island features musical guests James Taylor, Garfunkel's wife, Kim, and his son James.[27]

Art Garfunkel performed the theme song for the 1991 television series, Brooklyn Bridge, and "The Ballad of Buster Baxter" for a 1998 episode of the children's educational television series Arthur, where Art Garfunkel was depicted as a singing/narrator moose.[28] Garfunkel's performance of Monty Python member Eric Idle's "Always Look on the Bright Side of Life" was used in the end credits of the 1997 film As Good as It Gets.

In 2003, Art Garfunkel made his debut as a songwriter on his Everything Waits to Be Noticed album. Teaming up with singer-songwriters Maia Sharp and Buddy Mondlock, the album contained several songs which were originally poems written by Art Garfunkel. The album is recognized as his first effort at songwriting since his teenage years with Tom & Jerry.

In 2003, Simon and Garfunkel reunited again for a successful world tour that extended into 2004.[29] In 2005, his song "Sometimes When I'm Dreaming" from The Art Garfunkel Album (1984) (written by Mike Batt) was re-recorded by ex-ABBA singer Agnetha Fältskog on her album My Colouring Book.

In 2006, Art Garfunkel signed with Rhino Records (revived Atco Records), and his first Rhino/Atco album Some Enchanted Evening was released in America on January 30, 2007.[30] The album was a dedicated celebration of pop standards of Garfunkel's childhood. In late February 2007 during a German television interview to promote the new album, Art Garfunkel expressed interest in reuniting with Paul Simon on a new Simon and Garfunkel album.[citation needed]

2006–12: Recent events

In 2009, Art Garfunkel appeared as himself on the HBO television show Flight of the Conchords episode entitled "Prime Minister."

Art Garfunkel continued to tour in 2009 with four musicians and his son.[31]

On February 13, 2009, Simon and his band re-opened New York's legendary Beacon Theatre, which had been closed for seven months for a renovation. As an encore, Simon brought out "my old friend," Art Garfunkel. They sang three songs: "Sound of Silence", "The Boxer", and "Old Friends".

On April 2, 2009, the duo announced a tour of Australia, New Zealand and Japan for June/July 2009.[32] On October 29–30, they participated together in the 25th anniversary of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame concerts at New York's Madison Square Garden. Other artists on the bill included Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band; U2; Metallica; Aretha Franklin; Stevie Wonder, and Crosby, Stills & Nash.[33]

In March 2010, Simon & Art Garfunkel announced a 13-date spring tour, to kick off in April with a performance at the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival. Most performances were scheduled for Canada, with four shows in the upper Midwest of the US. According to a press release, the set list would focus on their classic catalog, as well as songs from each of their solo careers.[34] On June 17, 2010, Simon & Art Garfunkel canceled the tour, earlier rescheduled for July 2010, now postponed indefinitely as Art Garfunkel continues to recover from a vocal cord paresis.[35]

In November 2010, Art Garfunkel said that, having quit smoking two and a half months before, Art Garfunkel was recovering from paresis, and would be touring in 2011.[36]
Voice classification
This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources. Please help by adding reliable sources. Contentious material about living people that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately. (January 2012)

Garfunkel's voice has been noted as changing over the past four decades, but virtually unnoticeably until his late fifties, when his voice began to lower after years of smoking. Art Garfunkel has been noted as being a natural voiced tenor who can lower his voice to a G2 on the keyboard (baritone range) and, as heard on the first chorus of "Bridge Over Troubled Water" as high as Ab4, and up to an Eb5 on his 1973 rendition of "Old Man" (though this is falsetto).

Art Garfunkel has suggested his next album will have songs that are more vocal based.[citation needed]

Acting career

Art Garfunkel pursued an acting career in the early 1970s, appearing in two Mike Nichols films: Catch-22 (1970), in which Art Garfunkel played the 19-year old naive Lieutenant Nately, and Carnal Knowledge (1971), in which Art Garfunkel played the idealistic Sandy. His role as Sandy won him a Golden Globe nomination for Best Supporting Actor in 1972.

Art Garfunkel later appeared in Nicolas Roeg's Bad Timing (1980) as Alex Linden, an American psychiatrist who serves as the film's main antagonist. The film received the Toronto Film Festival's highest honour, the People's Choice Award, in 1980 and the London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director.

Art Garfunkel appeared in Good to Go (1986) directed by Blain Novak, starring as a Washington, D.C. journalist who struggles to clear his name after being framed for rape and murder. Art Garfunkel then appeared in the medical crime drama Boxing Helena (1993), directed by Jennifer Lynch, as Dr. Lawrence Augustine.

Garfunkel's most recent film is The Rebound (2010), directed by Bart Freundlich, playing Harry Finklestein, the slightly senile and comedic relieving father of the film's main character, played by Justin Bartha.

Art Garfunkel has said Art Garfunkel turned down numerous film offers in the 1970s. Art Garfunkel reportedly turned down the role of Billy Pilgrim in the adaption of Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse-Five and the role of Tom Hagen in The Godfather in the same year (1972). According to the response of this matter recently issued on his official website, Art Garfunkel has not ever turned down the role of Tom Hagen in The Godfather.[37]

Poetry career

Art Garfunkel, an avid reader and bibliophile, has admitted that the Art Garfunkel household was not a literary family, but it was not until his entrance to Columbia College in 1959, that Art Garfunkel began to "read a million books and became a reader". It was through this Art Garfunkel began an interest in poetry.[citation needed]

Garfunkel's poetic career began in 1981, while on the Simon & Art Garfunkel 1981-1982 tour in Switzerland, Art Garfunkel was riding a motorcycle and began writing a poem describing the countryside. In 1989, Still Water, Garfunkel's collection of prose poetry was released to acclaim.[citation needed] Topics included his depression over the loss of his father; Laurie Bird, his companion who committed suicide; the friendship of Paul Simon; and the joy of returning to music.

Art Garfunkel reportedly has plans to release a second book in the near future.

Personal life

Art Garfunkel married Linda Marie Grossman (b. 1944), an architect [38] in 1972; they divorced in 1975. Art Garfunkel has claimed that the marriage was turbulent and ended bitterly. Art Garfunkel has never spoken to her since and claims Art Garfunkel never loved her.[39]

Art Garfunkel was also romantically involved with actress and photographer Laurie Bird from March 1974 (when Art Garfunkel was 32 and she was 20) until her suicide in 1979.[40] According to a 1986 interview, Art said about his relationship with Laurie Bird "I asked myself constantly why I didn't marry her, because surely she was the apple of my eye. She was everything I was looking for in a woman. But I was very hurt by my first marriage, so as far as marriage to Laurie was concerned, I was extra scared. I was heartbroken. It laid me low. I used to get very sad when the sun went down. The nights were very lonely for me."

Art Garfunkel had a brief affair with actress Penny Marshall in the mid 1980s and credits her with helping him through his depression. Their friendship stayed strong even after the relationship's end. Art Garfunkel would later say of Marshall, "Everything changed. Penny is a sweet human being who can bring anybody down to earth. We had a lot of laughs, great sex and a ton of party nights".[41]

In fall of 1985, Art Garfunkel met former model Kathryn (Kim) Cermak (born May 25th, 1958) while shooting Good To Go. They married on 18 September 1988. The two have been married for over twenty years.

The two have two children, James, born 15 December 1990, and Beau Daniel, born 5 October 2005 via a surrogate mother.[42]

Art Garfunkel is an avid reader and bibliophile; his website contains a year-by-year listing of every book Art Garfunkel has read since 1968.[43] Currently the list contains more than 1,000 books. Art Garfunkel has also read the entire Random House Dictionary.

Art Garfunkel is a huge fan of the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, having twice read his book Confessions (according to his library, the book was the first and thousandth book he'd read).

Art Garfunkel has undertaken several cross-continental walks in his lifetime, writing poetry along the way. In the early 1980s, Art Garfunkel walked across Japan in a matter of weeks.[44] From 1983 to 1997, Art Garfunkel walked across America,[45] taking 40 excursions to complete the route from New York City to the Pacific coast of Washington. In May 1998, Art Garfunkel began an incremented walk across Europe.[46]

His all-time favorite pop song is The Beatles' "Here, There and Everywhere" and his all-time favorite album is Rumours by Fleetwood Mac. When asked about his musical preferences, Art Garfunkel answered, "I have a very sure-footed sense of what I like, and exactly how much I like it. Give me two listenings of a song, and I can tell you exactly how it sits with me, and...I know my musical taste. I know my ears, I know what I respond to."[47]

Art Garfunkel has been arrested twice for the possession of cannabis: once in early 2004 and again in August 2005.[48]

Art Garfunkel is the brother of Jerome Art Garfunkel, the former member of the American (ANSI) and International (ISO) Committees who wrote the specification for the COBOL programming language. His older brother Jules B. Art Garfunkel was a United States Navy Veteran and financial analyst who died on September 17, 2006 in Sofia, Bulgaria.

Art Garfunkel is 6'0 (1.83 m), which is a large contrast to Paul Simon's 5'3 (1.60 m).[47]

Art Garfunkel is left-handed and is a multi-instrumentalist: Art Garfunkel plays guitar, piano, and violin.
Nominations

1972 Golden Globe, Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture, for Carnal Knowledge

Awards

1969 Grammy Award, Record of the Year, for "Mrs. Robinson" (with Paul Simon)
1969 Grammy Award, Best Contemporary Pop Performance, for "Mrs. Robinson" (with Paul Simon)
1970 Grammy Award, Best Pop Album, for Bridge Over Troubled Water
1970 Grammy Award, Best Single Record, for "Bridge Over Troubled Water"
1970 Grammy Award, Best Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s), for Bridge Over Troubled Water
1977 Britannia Award, Best International Pop LP and Single, 1952–77, for "Bridge Over Troubled Water"
1998 Grammy Award, Best Children's Album, for Songs From A Parent To A Child

Work on Broadway

Rock 'N Roll! The First 5,000 Years (1982) - revue - featured singer for Mrs. Robinson
Mike Nichols and Elaine May: Together Again on Broadway (1992) - concert - performer
The Graduate (2002) - play - featured songwriter

Discography

Angel Clare (1973)
Breakaway (1975)
Watermark (1977)
Fate For Breakfast (1979)
Scissors Cut (1981)
The Animals' Christmas (with Amy Grant) (1986)
Lefty (1988)
Up 'til Now (1993)
Songs from a Parent to a Child (1997)
Everything Waits to Be Noticed (2002)
Some Enchanted Evening (2007)

Filmography

1970 Catch-22 Lieutenant Edward J. Nately III Debut Screen Role
1971 Carnal Knowledge Dr. Sandy Kaufman Nomination for Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
1980 Bad Timing Dr. Alex Linden Winner of the 1980 People's Choice Award
1986 Good To Go S.D. Blass Out Of Print
1993 Boxing Helena Dr. Lawrence Augustine
1998 54 Himself Cameo
2000 Longshot Himself Cameo
2010 The Rebound Harry Finklestein Most Recent Performance

References

  1. "Grammy Award Winners". Grammy.com. Archived from the original on 4 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-06.
  2. Pete Fornatale (November 22, 2007). Simon and Garfunkel's Bookends. St. Martin's Press. ASIN 1594864276. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  3. Horan, Tom (February 17, 2007). "Garfunkel's ageless art". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved April 25, 2010.
  4. "Celebrities' moms are stars for a day". Miami Herald. May 14, 1989.
  5. Martin Douglas (August 14, 1991). "About New York; Just Simon in the Park, to Garfunkel's Disappointment". The New York Times. Retrieved June 2, 2009. ""Soon, he and Paul Simon, two sons of Forest Hills, Queens, who became bards of the 60's, would stride to the shimmering center of a vast Central Park stage, and a generation growing overweight and apart would for a few fleeting hours feel forever young.""
  6. "Art Garfunkel's Feelin' Groovy Again". Canadian Jewish News. Art Garfunkel's official website. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. "Art's Sake: Is Garfunkel headed to Scarborough Fair? No, the Rock and Roll Hall of Famer is going to Har Zion". Jewish Exponent. Art Garfunkel's official website. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. "The Art of Garfunkel". Dayton Daily News. Art Garfunkel's official website. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  9. Tom Horan. "Garfunkel's ageless art". The Daily Telegraph. Art Garfunkel's official website. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. a b c "1998 website interview". Art Garfunkel's official website. 1998. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  11. Eliot, Marc (2010). Paul Simon: A Life. Wiley. .
  12. "The Talk of the Town [interview with Simon & Garfunkel]". The New Yorker: p. 25. September 2, 1967.
  13. "Some of our more famous alumni". Alpha Epsilon Pi. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  14. Xfinity. "Ivy League Celebrities." Accessed December 1, 2011. http://xfinity.comcast.net/slideshow/entertainment-ivyleague/8/.
  15. http://www.college.columbia.edu/cct_archive/jul_aug06/updates3.php
  16. http://c250.columbia.edu/c250_celebrates/remarkable_columbians/art_garfunkel.html
  17. http://www.nndb.com/people/724/000022658/
  18. Jan Herman (February 6, 1977). "TV Makes You Famous; Rock'n Roll Makes You Rich". Gannett News Service. Art Garfunkel's official website. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  19. Bruce Eder. "Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M.—Allmusic". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
  20. "Mrs. Robinson by Simon & Garfunkel". Songfacts. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
  21. David Fricke, in the leaflet accompaniment to the Simon and Garfunkel 1997 album "Old Friends"
  22. "Paul Simon". Official Website of Paul Simon. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
  23. "The Boy in the Bubble" by Patrick Humphries, page 96.
  24. Paul Simon News on Yahoo! Music[dead link]
  25. I Only Have Eyes For You (1975 version)
  26. "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. 2001-09-11. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  27. "Simon and Garfunkel the sound". Jgarfunkel.com. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  28. Artgarfunkel.com[dead link]
  29. By Steve Knopper (2004-08-09). "Simon Garfunkel Conquer | Music News". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  30. http://www.rhino.com/rzine/pressrelease.lasso?PRID=455
  31. "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. 2001-09-11. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  32. "Australia and New Zealand snare the world's only confirmed concerts for Simon & Garfunkel in 2009".
  33. "The Rock & Roll Hall of Fame celebrates its 25th anniversary with two groundbreaking concerts".
  34. "Simon and Garfunkel Confirm Spring North American Tour".
  35. "Simon & Garfunkel Cancel Summer Tour". Billboard. Archived from the original on 18 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-18.
  36. By Andy Greene (2010-11-05). "Art Garfunkel Plans Return of Simon Garfunkel As His Voice Mends | Music News". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  37. "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
  38. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,878085,00.html
  39. "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  40. "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  41. "Artgarfunkel.com". Artgarfunkel.com. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  42. By KC Baker (2005-12-07). "Baker, KC, "Art Garfunkel a Father Again at 64"". People.com. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  43. "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. 2001-09-11. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  44. "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  45. "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  46. "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  47. a b IMDb.com
  48. Garfunkel arrested over marijuana possession. 31 August 2005. ABC News Online[dead link]

Sources

  • Art Garfunkel (August 1989). Still Water: Prose Poems. Dutton and Dial. ASIN 0525247955. ISBN 978-0-525-24795-1.
  • Mitchell S. Cohen (1977). Simon & Garfunkel: A Biography in Words & Pictures. Sire Books.
  • Patrick Humphries (August 1983). Bookends: The Simon and Garfunkel Story. Proteus. ISBN 978-0-86276-063-2.
  • John Svenson (November 15, 1984). Simon and Garfunkel: A Musical Autobiography. W.H.Allen. ISBN 978-0-491-03490-6.
  • Robert Matthew-Walker (1984). Simon and Garfunkel. Hippocrene Books. ISBN 978-0-88254-729-9.
  • Joseph Morella; Patricia Barey (October 1991). Simon and Garfunkel: Old Friends : A Dual Biography (1st ed.). Carol Publishing Corporation. ISBN 978-1-55972-089-2.
  • Victoria Kingston (May 1997). Simon & Garfunkel: The Definitive Biography. Trans-Atlantic Publications. ISBN 978-0-330-34970-3.
  • Pete Fornatale (October 30, 2007). Simon & Garfunkel's Bookends (1st ed.). Rodale Books. ASIN 1594864276. ISBN 978-1-59486-427-8.
 
 

Archived for Educational Purposes only Under U.S.C. Title 17 Section 107 
by Jew Watch Library at
www.jewwatch.com

*COPYRIGHT NOTICE**  In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, any copyrighted work in the Jew Watch Library is archived here under fair use without profit or payment to those who have expressed a prior interest in reviewing the included information for personal use, non-profit research and educational purposes only. 
Ref. http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you have additions or suggestions

Email Jew Watch