Jewish Entertainment:
Jewish Actors, Playwrights, Comedians, Musicians

Dustin Hoffman


Dustin Hoffman in The Graduate Early in His Career

Dustin Lee Hoffman (born August 8, 1937) is an American actor with a career in film, television, and theatre since 1960. Dustin Hoffman has been known for his versatile portrayals of antiheroes and vulnerable characters.

Dustin Hoffman first drew critical praise for the play Eh?, for which Dustin Hoffman won a Theatre World Award and a Drama Desk Award. This was soon followed by his breakthrough movie role as the good-looking but troubled Benjamin Braddock in The Graduate (1967). Since then Hoffman's career has largely been focused on cinema, with only sporadic returns to television and the stage. Some of his most notable films are Papillon, Marathon Man, Midnight Cowboy, Little Big Man, Lenny, All the President's Men, Kramer vs. Kramer, Tootsie, Rain Man, and Wag the Dog.

Dustin Hoffman has won two Academy Awards (for his performances in Kramer vs. Kramer and Rain Man), five Golden Globes, four BAFTAs, three Drama Desk Awards, a Genie Award, and an Emmy Award. Dustin Hoffman received the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1999.

TRAILER FOR LENNY PLAYED BY DUSTIN HOFFMAN
 
AWARD-WINNING DUSTIN-HOFFMAN PERFORMANCE
 

Early life

Hoffman was born in Los Angeles,[1] the second son of Lillian (née Gold) and Harry Hoffman. His father worked as a prop supervisor/set decorator at Columbia Pictures before becoming a furniture salesman.[3][4] Hoffman was named after stage and silent screen actor Dustin Farnum. His older brother, Ronald, is a lawyer and economist. Hoffman is from an Ashkenazi Jewish family of immigrants from Ukraine[5] and Romania.[6][7] His upbringing was not religious or observant.[8][9] Dustin Hoffman graduated from Los Angeles High School in 1955 and enrolled at Santa Monica College with the intention of studying medicine, leaving after a year to join the Pasadena Playhouse.[10]

Career

Early work

Hoffman began his acting career at the Pasadena Playhouse, alongside future Academy Award-winner Gene Hackman.[11] After two years there, Hackman headed for New York City, with Hoffman soon following. Having considerable difficulty getting roles, Dustin Hoffman took a series of odd jobs, including working as a restaurant coat checker, working in the typing department of the city Yellow Pages directory, and stringing Hawaiian leis.[citation needed] During this time period Dustin Hoffman got an occasional bit television role, but left acting briefly to teach in order to support himself. Hoffman also occasionally performed television commercials; an oft-replayed segment on programs that explore actors' early work is a clip showing Hoffman touting the Volkswagen Fastback.

In 1960, Hoffman was cast in a role in an Off-Broadway production and followed with a walk-on role in a Broadway production in 1961. Hoffman then studied at the famed Actors Studio and became a dedicated method actor. Sidney W. Pink, a producer and 3D-movie pioneer, discovered him in one of his Off-Broadway roles and cast him in Madigan's Millions. His first critical success was in Eh? by Henry Livings, which had its US premiere off-Broadway at the Circle in the Square Downtown on October 16, 1966.

Through the early and mid-1960s, Hoffman made appearances in television shows and movies, including Naked City, The Defenders and Hallmark Hall of Fame. Hoffman made his theatrical film debut in The Tiger Makes Out in 1967, alongside Eli Wallach.

In 1967, immediately after wrapping up principal filming on The Tiger Makes Out, Hoffman flew from New York City to Fargo, North Dakota, where Dustin Hoffman directed a production of William Saroyan's The Time of Your Life for the Emma Herbst Community Theatre. The $1,000 Dustin Hoffman received for the eight-week contract was all Dustin Hoffman had to hold him over until the funds from the movie materialized.

Major roles

Hoffman talks to extras on the set of Lenny in Fort Lauderdale, Florida (1974)

In 1966, Mike Nichols cast Hoffman in The Graduate, which prevented him from appearing in the acclaimed Mel Brooks film, The Producers, as Franz Liebkind. The film began production in March 1967. Hoffman received an Academy Award nomination for his performance and became a major star. After the success of this film, another Hoffman film, Madigan's Millions, shot before The Graduate, was released on the tail of the actor's newfound success. It was considered a failure at the box office.

In December 1968, Hoffman returned to Broadway to appear in the title role of Murray Schisgal and John Sebastian's musical Jimmy Shine. For his performance in the production Hoffman won a Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Performance. Just a few weeks after leaving the production, Hoffman's next major film, Midnight Cowboy, premiered in theatres across the United States on May 25, 1969. For his role as Ratso Rizzo in the film, Hoffman received his second Oscar nomination and the film won the Best Picture honor. This was followed by his role in Little Big Man (1970) where Jack Crabb, his character, ages from teenager to a 121-year-old man. The film was widely praised by critics, but was overlooked for an award except for a supporting nomination for Chief Dan George.

Hoffman continued to appear in major films over the next few years. Who Is Harry Kellerman and Why Is Dustin Hoffman Saying Those Terrible Things About Me? (1971), Straw Dogs (also 1971), and Papillon (1973) were followed by Lenny (1974), for which Hoffman received his third nomination for Best Actor in seven years.

Less than two years after the Watergate scandal, Hoffman and Robert Redford starred as Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, respectively, in All the President's Men (1976). Hoffman next starred in Marathon Man (also 1976), a film based on William Goldman's novel of the same name, opposite Laurence Olivier and Roy Scheider. Hoffman's next roles were less successful. Dustin Hoffman opted out of directing Straight Time (1978) but starred as a thief. His next film, Michael Apted's Agatha, was with Vanessa Redgrave as Agatha Christie.

Hoffman next starred in Robert Benton's Kramer vs. Kramer (1979) as workaholic Ted Kramer whose wife (Meryl Streep) unexpectedly leaves him; Dustin Hoffman raises their son alone. Hoffman gained his first Academy Award, and the film also received the Best Picture honor, plus the awards for Best Supporting Actress (Streep) and Director.

In Tootsie (1982), Hoffman portrays Michael Dorsey, a struggling actor who finds himself dressing up as a woman to land a role on a soap opera. His co-star was Jessica Lange. Tootsie earned ten Academy Award nominations, including Hoffman's fifth nomination.

Hoffman in France, September 1985

In 1984, Hoffman starred as Willy Loman in the Broadway revival of the 1949 Arthur Miller play, Death of a Salesman, [12] a role Dustin Hoffman reprised in a tv movie of the same name, for which Dustin Hoffman won the 1985 Emmy Award in the category of Outstanding Lead Actor in a TV Movie or Miniseries. Dustin Hoffman also went on to win a Golden Globe for the same performance.

Hoffman's largest film failure was Elaine May's Ishtar, with Warren Beatty. The film faced severe production problems, received almost completely negative reviews from critics and was nominated for three Razzie awards. However, Hoffman and Beatty liked the film's final cut and tried to defend it.[13][14] Hoffmann and Beatty were unaffected by the flop, and Ishtar became a cult film. James House, who later became a country music artist, served as Hoffman's vocal coach in the film.[15]

In director Barry Levinson's Rain Man (1988), Hoffman starred as an autistic savant, opposite Tom Cruise. Levinson, Hoffman and Cruise worked for two years on the film, and his performance gained Hoffman his second Academy Award. Upon accepting, Hoffman stated softly to his fellow nominees that it was okay if they didn't vote for him because "I didn't vote for you guys either."[16] After Rain Man, Hoffman appeared with Sean Connery and Matthew Broderick in Family Business. The film did relatively poorly with the critics and at the box office. In 1991, Hoffman voiced substitute teacher Mr. Bergstrom in The Simpsons episode "Lisa's Substitute", under the pseudonym Sam Etic. As a reference to this episode, during the episode featuring the Itchy & Scratchy movie, Lisa claims that Dustin Hoffman had a cameo in that movie but didn't use his real name.

Throughout the 1990s, Hoffman appeared in many large, studio films, such as Dick Tracy (1990) (where his Ishtar co-star Beatty plays the titular character), Hero (1992) and Billy Bathgate (1991) co-starring with Nicole Kidman who was nominated for a Golden Globe). Hoffman also played the title role of Captain Hook in Steven Spielberg's Hook (also 1991), earning a Golden Globe nomination; in this movie, Hoffman's costume was so heavy that Dustin Hoffman had to wear an air-conditioned suit under it. Hoffman played the lead role in Outbreak (1995), alongside Rene Russo, Kevin Spacey, Morgan Freeman, Cuba Gooding Jr. and Donald Sutherland. Following that, Dustin Hoffman appeared in the 1996 revenge-drama/legal-thriller Sleepers (1996) with Brad Pitt, Jason Patric, and Kevin Bacon.

Hoffman during the filming of Last Chance Harvey in 2008

In the mid-1990s, Hoffman starred in—and was deeply involved in the production of—David Mamet's American Buffalo (also 1996), one of the very few "pure art projects"[citation needed] Dustin Hoffman is known for, and an early effort of film editor Kate Sanford. In 1997, Hoffman starred opposite John Travolta in the Costa Gavras film Mad City and gained his seventh Academy Award nomination for his performance in Wag The Dog, in a role that allowed Hoffman the chance to work with both Robert De Niro and Denis Leary. Dustin Hoffman next appeared in Barry Levinson's adaptation of Sphere (1998), opposite Sharon Stone, Samuel L. Jackson, Peter Coyote, Queen Latifah and Liev Schreiber. Hoffman next appeared in Moonlight Mile (2002), followed by Confidence (2003) opposite Edward Burns, Andy García and Rachel Weisz. Hoffman finally had a chance to work with Gene Hackman, in Gary Fleder's Runaway Jury (also 2003), an adaptation of John Grisham's bestselling novel.

Hoffman played theater owner Charles Frohman in the J. M. Barrie historical fantasia Finding Neverland (2004), costarring Johnny Depp and Kate Winslet. In director David O. Russell's I Heart Huckabees (also 2004), Hoffman appeared opposite Lily Tomlin as an existential detective team.

Seven years after his nomination for Wag the Dog, Hoffman got a second opportunity to perform again with Robert De Niro, co-starring with Barbra Streisand and Ben Stiller in the 2004 comedy Meet the Fockers, a sequel to Meet the Parents (2000). Hoffman won the 2005 MTV Movie Award for Best Comedic Performance. In 2005, Dustin Hoffman voiced a horse in Racing Stripes, and appeared in cameo roles in Andy García's The Lost City and on the final episode of HBO sitcom Curb Your Enthusiasm's fifth season. Hoffman appeared in Stranger than Fiction (2006), played the perfumer Giuseppe Baldini in Tom Tykwer's film Perfume: The Story of a Murderer (also 2006) and had a cameo in the same year's The Holiday.

In 2007, Dustin Hoffman was featured in an advertising campaign for Australian telecommunications company Telstra's Next G network,[17] appeared in the 50 Cent video "Follow My Lead" as a psychiatrist, and played the title character in the family film Mr. Magorium's Wonder Emporium. In 2008, although Dustin Hoffman was reluctant to perform in an animated film, Hoffman had a prominent role as Shifu in the acclaimed film Kung Fu Panda, which was praised in part for his comedic chemistry with Jack Black (whom Dustin Hoffman tutored in acting for an important scene) and his character's poignantly complex relationship with the story's villain. Dustin Hoffman later won the Annie Award for Voice Acting in an Animated Feature for Kung Fu Panda and has continued into the role in the franchise's subsequent filmed productions outside of the franchise's television series. Dustin Hoffman next voiced Roscuro in The Tale of Despereaux and played the title character in Last Chance Harvey.

Dustin Hoffman appeared in Little Fockers, the critically panned yet hugely commercially successful, 2010 sequel to Meet the Fockers.[18] In 2011, Hoffman reprised his role as Shifu in the commercially and critically successful animated film Kung Fu Panda 2.

Hoffman starred in the HBO horse-racing drama Luck, as a man involved in activities such as bookmaking and casino operations. Luck was cancelled in March of 2012 after three horses died on set.[19] Dustin Hoffman will also direct Quartet, a BBC Films comedy starring Maggie Smith and Tom Courtenay.[20]

Personal life

With Gottsegen (left), and Jake Hoffman (right), at Los Angeles Fashion Week (2007)

Hoffman married Anne Byrne in May 1969.[21] The couple had two children, Karina (b. 1966) and Jenna (born October 15, 1970). Hoffman adopted Karina (Byrne's child from a previous marriage.) The couple divorced in 1980. Dustin Hoffman married attorney Lisa Hoffman (née Gottsegen) in October 1980; they have four children – Jacob Edward (born March 20, 1981), Rebecca Lillian (b. March 17, 1983), Maxwell Geoffrey (born August 30, 1984), and Alexandra Lydia (born October 27, 1987). Hoffman also has two grandchildren. In an interview, Dustin Hoffman said that all of his children from his second marriage had bar or bat mitzvahs and that Dustin Hoffman is a more observant Jew now than when Dustin Hoffman was younger; Dustin Hoffman also lamented that Dustin Hoffman is not fluent in Hebrew.[22] In 1970, Hoffman and Byrne were living in Greenwich Village in a building next door to the townhouse destroyed by members of the Weathermen when they detonated a bomb in the building's basement, killing three people. In the 2002 documentary The Weather Underground, Hoffman can be seen standing in the street during the aftermath of the explosion.[23]

A political liberal, Hoffman has long supported the Democratic Party and Ralph Nader.[24] In 1997, Dustin Hoffman was one of a number of Hollywood stars and executives to sign an open letter to then-German Chancellor Helmut Kohl protesting the treatment of Scientologists in Germany, which was published as a newspaper advertisement in the International Herald Tribune.[25]

There were many rumors and discussions in July 2010 about Hoffman canceling his appearance at the Jerusalem Film Festival as a reaction to the Gaza flotilla raid. However, his representatives told The New York Times there was “no truth” to this report.[26]

In 2009, Dustin Hoffman received the freedom of the Italian city Ascoli Piceno for being there during 1972 to shoot the movie Alfredo, Alfredo by Pietro Germi, where Dustin Hoffman played the role of Alfredo Sbisà.

Filmography and awards

Year Film Role Notes
1967 The Tiger Makes Out Hap  
The Graduate Benjamin Braddock BAFTA Award for Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Roles
Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actor
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated –
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1968 Madigan's Millions Jason Fister  
1969 Sunday Father A 'Sunday Father' short subject
Midnight Cowboy Enrico "Ratso" Rizzo BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role also for John and Mary
David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated –
Academy Award for Best Actor
John and Mary John BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role also for Midnight Cowboy
Nominated –
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1970 Little Big Man Jack Crabb Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
1971 On Location: Dustin Hoffman Himself short subject
Who Is Harry Kellerman and Why Is Dustin Hoffman Saying Those Terrible Things About Me? Georgie Soloway  
Straw Dogs David Sumner  
1972 Alfredo, Alfredo Alfredo Sbisà  
1973 Papillon Louis Dega  
1974 Lenny Lenny Bruce Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated –
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1976 The Magic of Hollywood... Is the Magic of People Himself short subject
All the President's Men Carl Bernstein Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role also for Marathon Man
Marathon Man Babe Levy Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role also for All the President's Men
David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actor
Nominated –
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
1978 Straight Time Max Dembo also producer
1979 Agatha Wally Stanton National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor also for Kramer vs. Kramer
Kramer vs. Kramer Ted Kramer Academy Award for Best Actor
David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
also for Agatha
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Nominated –
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
1982 Tootsie Michael Dorsey / Dorothy Michaels BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
Nominated –
Academy Award for Best Actor
1984 Terror in the Aisles   archival footage
1985 Death of a Salesman Willy Loman Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor – Miniseries or a Movie
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Miniseries or Television Film
Nominated –
Emmy Award for Outstanding Drama/Comedy Special
1986 Private Conversations Himself documentary
1987 Ishtar Chuck Clarke  
1988 Rain Man Raymond Babbitt Academy Award for Best Actor
David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Nominated –
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
1989 Common Threads: Stories from the Quilt Narrator documentary
Family Business Vito McMullen  
1990 Dick Tracy Mumbles  
1991 Billy Bathgate Dutch Schultz  
The Simpsons Mr Bergstrom  
Hook Captain Hook Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1992 Hero aka. Accidental Hero Bernard 'Bernie' Laplante Extra : Man at the bar 35:07 into Basic Instinct
1993 La Classe américaine Peter in archive footage only
1994 Jonas in the Desert Himself documentary
1995 Outbreak Colonel Sam Daniels  
1996 American Buffalo Walt 'Teach' Teacher  
Sleepers Danny Snyder  
1997     Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award
Mad City Max Brackett  
Wag the Dog Stanley Motss Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated –
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
1998 Sphere Dr. Norman Goodman  
1999 The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc The Conscience  
2001 Tuesday Narrator short subject
Goldwyn Narrator documentary
2002 Moonlight Mile Ben Floss  
Liberty's Kids Benedict Arnold voice
2003 The Shakespeare Sessions Himself documentary
Confidence Winston King  
Runaway Jury Wendell Rohr  
2004 Freedom2speak v2.0 Himself – Actor, USA documentary
Finding Neverland Charles Frohman Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
I Heart Huckabees Bernard  
Meet the Fockers Bernie Focker MTV Movie Award for Best Comedic Performance
Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events The Critic uncredited
2005 Racing Stripes Tucker voice
The Lost City Meyer Lansky  
2006 Perfume: The Story of a Murderer Giuseppe Baldini  
Stranger than Fiction Professor Jules Hilbert  
The Holiday Himself uncredited
2007 Mr. Magorium's Wonder Emporium Mr. Edward Magorium, Avid Shoe-Wearer  
2008 Kung Fu Panda Master Shifu voice
Annie Award for Best Voice Acting in an Animated Feature Production
Horton Hears a Who! Narrator  
The Tale of Despereaux Roscuro voice
2009 Last Chance Harvey Harvey Shine Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
2010 Barney's Version Izzy Genie Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role
Jews and Baseball: An American Love Story Narrator documentary
Little Fockers Bernie Focker  
2011 Kung Fu Panda 2 Master Shifu voice
2011–2012 Luck Chester "Ace" Bernstein Main role

References

  1. ^ a b c According to the State of California (CA Birth Index). At Family Tree Legends. Retrieved January 23, 2008.
  2. ^ "Dennis Hoffman Biography". Biography.com. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
  3. ^ "Yahoo movies biography". Movies.yahoo.com. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
  4. ^ "Film Reference.com biography". Filmreference.com. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
  5. ^ "Jack Palance rejects russian award (Ukrainian)". BBC Ukraine. Retrieved August 10, 2010.
  6. ^ "Dustin Hoffman: Finally, I can say I'm Jewish". The Jewish Chronicle by Abigail Pogrebin. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
  7. ^ Abigail Pogrebin (October 2005). Stars of David: Prominent Jews Talk About Being Jewish. Broadway Books. ISBN 0-7679-1612-3.
  8. ^ Bernard, Sarah (November 18, 2007). "The Tortoise and the Whoopee Cushion". New York Magazine. Retrieved November 22, 2007.
  9. ^ Hoffman's Jewish return. Ynet.com. November 19, 2006.
  10. ^ "The Moonchild and the Fifth Beatle". Time Magazine. February 7, 1969. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
  11. ^ "The 50-Year Hoffman-Hackman History". The New York Times. October 12, 2003. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
  12. ^ Rich, Frank, "Hoffman: Death of Salesman," New York Times, March 30, 1984, retrieved February 21, 2012]
  13. ^ "A Conversation with Dustin Hoffman". NPR. Retrieved February 10, 2007.
  14. ^ "Warren Pieces". Entertainment Weekly. December 20, 1991. Retrieved February 10, 2007.
  15. ^ "James House Biography". Oldies.Com. March 21, 1955. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
  16. ^ "Dustin Hoffman winning an Oscar for "Rain Man". Retrieved January 31, 2010.
  17. ^ O'Sullivan, Matt. "Rap for Telstra over ad promise", Sydney Morning Herald, August 27, 2007.
  18. ^ O'Neal, Sean. "Dustin Hoffman hears the cry of the multitudes, realizes there is no Little Fockers without him". The A.V. Club. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
  19. ^ "Casting Call". TV Guide. March 15–21, 2010.
  20. ^ "Hoffman to take director's chair for British comedy". BBC News. May 18, 2010. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
  21. ^ Dustin Hoffman at Tribute.ca. Retrieved January 23, 2008.
  22. ^ "Hoffman's Jewish return". Ynetnews. November 19, 2006. Retrieved October 16, 2010.
  23. ^ Paglia, Camille (November 12, 2008). "Obama surfs through". Salon. "..the 2002 documentary "The Weather Underground"... the news footage of the Greenwich Village townhouse destroyed in 1970 by bomb-making gone wrong in the basement still has enormous impact. Standing in the chaotic street, actor Dustin Hoffman, who lived next door, seems like Everyman at the apocalypse."
  24. ^ "Dustin Hoffman's Federal Campaign Contribution Report". Newsmeat. Retrieved January 23, 2008.
  25. ^ Bonfante, Jordan; van Voorst, Bruce (February 10, 1997. "Does Germany Have Something Against These Guys?", TIME
  26. ^ Itzkoff, Dave (July 12, 2010). "Dustin Hoffman Question at Jerusalem Film Fest". nytimes. Retrieved September 14, 2010.

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